© by Darko Zubrinic, Zagreb (1995)
CHORVATSKO (in Czech)
CHORWACJA (in Polish)
HORVÁTORSZÁG (in Hungarian)
HRVATISTAN (in Turkish)
CROATIA (in English)
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KROATIEN (in German)
CROAZIA (in Italian)
The name of the Croatian monetary unit is KUNA (KN), which has 100 lipas. The meaning of KUNA is - a marten - its skin had been used as a unit in trade. The earliest mention we know of is from the year 1018, on the island of Cres. The first known use of kuna on a Croatian coin goes as far back as 1256, when a local currency displaying kuna was issued in Slavonia.
Banknote of 100 HRK (Hrvatska kuna - Croatian kuna), with the Baska Tablet, Croatian Anthem Lijepa nasa (Our Beautiful) above it, and with portrait of Ivan Mazuranic (1814-1890).
The ethnic structure of Croatia is as follows:
Citizens of Croatia celebrating Christmas on 7th January (Orthodox Christians), citizens of the Islamic denominations on the days of Ramadan Bairam and Kurban Bairam, and citizens of the Jewish denomination on the days of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, have the right not to work.
Parts of the Croatian nation are historically and culturally deeply rooted to the territories of the neighbouring Slovenia, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, and also to Austria, Slovakia, Italy, Romania.
The Croats are represented by: Bunjevci and Sokci (many of them live also in Hungary and in the north of today's Yugoslavia), Slavonci, Zagorci, Medimurci, then the Croats in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Gorani, Istrani (a part of them is in Slovenia), Gradiscanci (in Austria and Hungary), Licani, Dalmatinci, Dubrovcani, Bokelji (in Boka kotorska, in 1945 annexed to Montenegro), Janjevci in Kosovo, etc. All these Croatian groups and regions provide a great richness of dialects, national costumes, habits, folk songs.
The present capital of Croatia is the city of Zagreb (population about 1,000,000), very old and pleasant city, mentioned for the first time in 1094. In former Yugoslavia Zagreb was a leading industrial, cultural and scientific center.
The Croatian National Emblems are: the tricolour flag (red, white, blue, arranged in this order perpendicularly to the staff), and the coat of arms (13 red squares and 12 silver squares arranged intermittently in a 5 times 5 pattern).
This coat of arms was affirmed by 15th century documents. It is a very old symbol of Croatia resembling a red-white chess table. Now it also has a crown composed of five regional symbols representing:
The official flower of the Republic of Croatia is Iris (perunika in Croatian; you can see Iris Croatica, photo from the Botanical Garden, Zagreb):
National parks in Croatia:
We would like to add several natural reserves:
Especially important are rich resources of drinkable water of the highest quality:
Photo by Don Wolf, USA: Images of Croatia (source CROWN)
See also Urban parks in Croatia.
You have for sure enjoyed breathtaking sceneries of natural beauties in films about Winnetou and Old Shatterhand, shot according to novels of Karl May. Maybe you did not know that these films were made in the Paklenica canyon, Plitvice lakes, and on Krka river.
A friendly and very common greeting among the Croats in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina is Bog!, both for Hi! and Bye!. The literal meaning of Bog is - God. So,
Croatia - an overview of its History, Culture and Science